Success in Learning

Life After College

Variety of Nuts is the Spice of Life

Since the earliest of time and even before agriculture was used by the Greeks to have better food resources, `Nuts’ have been a stable food and nutritional source in the diet of manhood since the dark ages. During those times, nuts were plentiful, as there were much more forests as today, and well liked for their easy storage, which enabled people to keep them for times in which food was hard to find. (Winter, rainy season, etc).

There is evidence that as far back as the second century B.C., the Romans distributed sugar almonds on special occasions such as marriages and births.

Nuts have their place in all cultures and through almost all cuisine around the world. Nuts are liked by people of all ages for their subtle taste and high fat and carbohydrate content. It is this subtle taste that Chefs like when creating new dishes and variations.


Under the category nuts, we understand anything from a seed to a legume or tuber. The peanut, as an example, is a legume, the Brazil nut and macadamia nut are seeds and almonds are the seed of a fruit similar to a peach.

Botanically nuts are single seeded fruits with a hard or leathery shell that contain an edible kernel, which is enclosed in a soft inner skin.

Generally, all nut trees grow slowly but live long. Trees of walnut, chestnut or pecan continue to produce nuts, often more than hundred years after planting.

Nut trees of any species are found all over the world. Almonds for example are found in California, Spain, Morocco, Italy and even Australia, where as the walnut can be found anywhere from North America to the Andes and Persia to Australia. Asia also has a great variety of nuts. Ginkgo nuts in China, candle nuts in Indonesia and Malaysia, coconut in throughout southern Asia, cashew nuts in India and Malaysia and the Philippines, chestnuts in China and Japan, and the water chestnut which is found in China, Japan, Korea and the East Indies.



Scientist consider the almond as a stone fruit, much like cherries, peaches and prunes.

Because most people only know the seed (stone) of this fruit, it is generally accepted as a nut.

Almond on the tree, look like small green peaches. When ripe the shell will open and reveal the nut in its shell.

There are various varieties of almonds.

The bitter almond is in fact the kernel of the apricot, which was found growing wild in China as far back as the late Tang Dynasty (AD 619-907).

This same apricot was taken to Europe and became the apricot fruit, which is now enjoyed all over the world. The bitter almond kernel is toxic in its raw state and must be boiled quickly and poached in a oven before being further used. It is primarily used in Chinese desserts like the almond bean curd.

The sweet almond is generally confined for fresh consumption. In 1986, California alone produced 70,000 tons of almonds, which is half of the world’s production. The almond has been cultivated around the Mediterranean since ancient times and can still be found wild in Algeria and around the black sea. Sweet almonds can be bought whole, shelled, cut in 1/2 with skin, without skin, flaked, blanched, slivered ground roasted or salted. they are used for snacks, marzipan, confectionery, and desserts as well as for the production of liqueur essence, oil and cosmetic products.


The bunya bunya tree is a member of the pine family and grows almost everywhere in Australia. Originally the trees originated in the area of Brisbane and Rockhampton in Queensland Australia. Only the female trees are producing a 2cm x 2.5cm nut in the pinecone.

In the old days, the bunya bunya pine nuts were stable food for the aborigines and also used in ceremonials. These days, the nuts gain in popularity through the trend of native food in Australia (bush food) in recent years.

The nut is rich is carbohydrate, similar to the chestnut, and therefore used more like a potato than a nut. the bunya bunya nuts can be eaten raw but are usually boiled for easy removing of the skin. Shelled nuts are then butter fried and flavored with pepper or sugar, or added to stews and soups.


The red bopple nuts are a relative of the macadamia nut, and native to the tropical rain forest of the East Coast of Australia.

The nut is about the same size as a hazelnut and has a thick (0.5cm 0 1cm), woody husk with a bright red outer skin, which only appears if the nut is fully ripe.

In contrary to most other nuts, the red bopple nut is very low on fat, but very high in calcium and potassium. the low fat content make this nut very easy digestible. The nuts are eaten raw or toasted.


“He who plants a coconut tree”, the saying goes, “plants food and drink, vessels and clothing, a habitation for himself and a heritage for his children”. Indeed every part of the coconut is used, but only the coconut milk and the coconut meat are foods. The shell is used as charcoal, the husk is used to make ropes, clothing and brushes, and the trunk of the tree and leaves are used for roofs of houses and building material respectively.

The fruit of the palm `cocos nucifera’ has an edible kernel and therefore qualifies as a nut. The palm tree is native to the Philippines, Malaysia, Brazil and Indonesia, and can produce 50 – 100 nuts a year, over a life span of 70 years. Coconut palms grow best close to the seaside but have been proven to withstand high altitude, although the production rate is diminishing as further away from the sea the tree grows.

The large thick green pod encloses a brown fibrous husk around a brown shell , which contains a layer of soft white flesh and the clear water in the center. Sub-species found only on one island of the Seychelles, in the Indian Ocean, produces a nut often weighing more than 20 kg, which needs 10 years to ripen.

Coconuts are the worlds most commercially used nuts. Especially the meat, or copra, as it is called after sun drying, is vital for the export industries, in coconut growing countries. The coconut is a important food source especially in South East Asia, India, Brazil and the South Pacific Islands.

The copra can be brought shredded or desiccated and is used in confectioneries, ice creams and to coat chicken or fish for frying. However much of it is pressed for its oil also called coconut butter as it is white and fatty at room temperature. Not only is it used for cooking and to make margarine, but it also goes into soaps, detergents, shampoos, face cream, perfumes and candles.

It is also a major ingredient in glycerin, synthetic rubber, safety glass and hydraulic brake fluid. Coconut juice or milk is the natural juice of the nut, but not the water inside the coconut. It is won by shredding the raw coconut meat, then adding water and straining the mixture through a cotton cloth. The coconut milk has then the consistency and color of skim milk and is available canned or frozen.


The candle nut gets her name, from when threaded tightly on the midrib of a palm leaf it has been used a primitive candle. More recently, the nuts were grounded to a paste, mixed with copra (grated coconut meat) and ten formed into a candle.

Candlenuts are the seed of the candle berry tree native to Indonesia and Malaysia but widely spread throughout south East Asia, the South Pacific and Sri Lanka.

The nut has a very high content on fat and is valued for the extracted oil for lighting as well as cooking. The nut is colored gray to black, about 5cm in diameter, with a thin, papery husk containing one or two nuts.

Candlenut oil for lighting purposes is extracted by roasting the nuts when they are only half ripe as oil for cooking is extracted by roasting the nuts when they are fully ripe. For human consumption, the nuts have to be roasted as raw once have been causing sicknesses.

Ripe candle nuts are roasted, then pounded into a meal and mixed with salt, chilies or shrimp paste for usage in curries or as a spicy condiment to curries. Traditionally, the Javanese have roasted the nuts for eating in the whole.


The palmyra palm native to most South East Asian Countries produces a hard, shiny nut, from which a sweetish sap or gel is extracted. While this sap is used in the Indonesian cuisine for soups and desserts, it is on other well known product that is begin produced out of the palmyra palm – The Palm Sugar (gula melacca).

There are not reliable data available on the nutritional value of the palm nut, but it is widely known that the fat is saturated.


Native to Queensland and New South Wales in Australia, the macadamia nut takes its name from Dr John McAdam, a scientist and early promoter of the cultivation Australia.

The macadamia trees are evergreen and reach a height of up to 20 meters. The edible seed of the silk oat tree has a very hard, light brown shell, 2 – 3cm in diameter.

In 1888, macadamia trees have been planted in Hawaii where through careful cloning and hybridization, it became an important commercial product.

Today, macadamia nuts are also cultivated in South Africa, Zimbabwe, California and parts of South and Central America.

It is very difficult to crack the macadamia nut as it’s shell is very hard and so tight to the kernel that when cracked the nut is smashed. In Hawaii, American scientist developed a way of separating the kernel from the shell by shrinking them in drying bins. They then developed the first commercial cracker. It was through these two developments that the macadamia nut could be formed to the commercial importance it has today.

This is also the reason why macadamia nuts are only available already de-shelled. Macadamia nuts also are valued for their oil and the macadamia nut butter.

They are available roasted and salted. When buying macadamia nuts, give care that they are packed in a air tight or vacuum bags, as they become easily rancid once opened.

Macadamia nuts are used for confectioneries or as snacks, but also gain in popularity in the kitchen as they have a very mild and subtle taste and add texture to salads, and hot dishes. It’s oil makes excellent vinaigrette and cold sauces.


The name refers to a nut like tuber of a aquatic plant called Trapa. The plants are common to several parts of the world, but are mainly used in Japan, China and Thailand where it is also a sought after ingredient in it’s cuisines.

The trapa plant roots in ponds and lakes and sends, its’ leaves to the surface, similar to a water lily. The water chestnut grows on the roots underneath the water surface. Water chestnuts are flat and round with a diameter of 5 – 7cm. They have a soft black skin and white flesh similar to the flesh of a coconut. Once peeled, they can be eaten raw, or dried and are a well liked ingredient because its crunchy texture, and sweet subtle taste. Water chestnuts are also boiled and made into flour, which is used for thickening of sauces and dishes, much like cornstarch.


Chestnuts are thought to have originated in Southern Europe and Persia even though they are also found in China, Japan and Northern America.

The nuts of the chestnut tree have a brown shiny color and leathery shell. they can be eaten raw, but mostly are consume boiled, baked or roasted or as a chestnut puree sweetened or unsweetened. They are also sold in syrup as marron glaces.

Chestnuts are the only nuts, which are treated like a vegetable because they contain more starch (30%) and less fat 3%.

Chestnuts are also made into a flour high on fiber and starch.


Originating in the West Indies and native to the north of Brazil, Portuguese explorers introduced the nut to India and Malaysia as well as parts of Africa.

The hard-shelled nut grows inside the cashew apple. When mature the cashew nut appears at the end of the red or yellow apple. The cashew tree is a member of the poison ivy family and farmers must take great precautions when extracting the nuts. The hard shell contains an oil, which irritates the skin, so the nuts are heated to extract the kernel. The smoke and steam, which occurs however may still be harmful to skin and eyes. When heated the cashew nuts are harmless and may be extracted.


The ginkgo is the prehistoric maidenhair tree, which survives as a wild tree only in China.

The fruit looks like a tiny plum but has a foul and bitter shell. the Chinese wait for the smelly hull to full off, then paint the nuts and use them for festive decorations, before they crack them open to eat the nut. In Japan and Korea, ginkgo nuts are skewered and then grilled, which turns the nuts color from yellow to green. In China, the ginkgo nut is a popular ingredient to vegetarian dishes. The nuts can be obtained fresh or canned.


The nut of the hazel bush is native to Europe and North America and was mentioned in writings as far back as 2838 B.C., and was credited of currying many human ills as well as being considered excellent for Boldness and use as a hair tonic. Some say that the name filbert comes from Saint Philibert, a French abbot whose feast day on 22 August coincides with the ripening of the first nuts in the Northern hemisphere.

Hazelnuts have a very hard shell, which has to be cracked by a nutcracker before getting to the kernel. Hazelnuts are available, raw, blanched, or toasted, chopped, ground, cooking as well as hazelnut liquor.


The peanut is not a true nut. It is the seed of a leguminous plant with a soft, brownish colored brittle shell and belong to the Botanical family of beans and peas. But they are usually considered along with the nuts because of their physical characteristics and nutritional value. The nuts grow on the long roots of the plant and below the ground. The peanut is native to Brazil and has been found there ever since the first recording in 950 B.C..

Today, peanuts are cultivated throughout the tropics all over the world (India, China, West Africa, Australia and the USA are the largest peanut growing countries). Peanuts produce excellent oil, which is used for salads and cold dishes as well as for frying. Peanuts also produce peanut butter, margarine, and also used in canning of sardines. Peanuts are available whole, de-shelled and de-skinned and raw or toasted. Peanuts are used in all different varieties in everything from salads to main courses and desserts.


These are the edible seed of the pine tree and grow in the cone. Pine trees are found in the Southern USA, Mexico and around the Mediterranean sea. It is very difficult to establish a pinenut industry as the trees are growing very slow and don’t carry a lot of fruits until they’re 75 years old.

Pine nuts are mostly obtained raw and then toasted, fried or grilled. Pine nut oil is used for the cosmetic industry. Pine nut flour is used in confectionery.


The pistachio nut is a small green kernel, which grows on the pistachio tree originating in Syria, Palestine and Persia.

The natural color of the shell is grayish white, but some times the nuts are dyed red to cover up some of the staining.

The pistachio nut is now cultivated in India, Europe, North Africa, Mexico, the USA and the Far East. Pistachios are usually sold in their shell or shelled and blanched.

The greenish seed is used as flavoring in cooking, candies and ice cream.


The walnut is related to the hickory and pecan tree and grows anywhere from North America to the Andes and Europe to China. English walnuts, butternuts and hickory nuts are all walnuts, botanical speaking. All those walnuts have different shells and kernels but the English walnut with it’s rough, rippled shell and yellow brown kernel is the most popular and popularly referred to as `The Walnut’.

Walnuts are bought in the shell or de-shelled and are sought after for their oil, which is used for cooking as well as for salads and dressing.


Macadamia Nuts )
Bunya Bunya Pine Nuts ) Australia
Red Bobble Nut )

Candle Nut ) Malaysia
Palm Nut ) Philippines, Brazil

Coconut ) Indonesia,China
Water Chestnut )

Brazil Nuts ) South America

Beech Nuts ) USA
Pecan Nuts ) North America


Nuts are rich in fat (40-60%) and dietary fiber (5-15%) with moderate amount of protein (2-25%) and small amounts of starch (up to 10%). As mentioned above chestnuts are an exemption to this general rule.

The fats in nuts are mostly monounsaturated and polyunsaturated and contain no cholesterol as nuts are harvested from plants. Only the coconut and palm nut contain saturated fats.

Significant amounts of minerals can be found in nuts, including zinc, calcium, iron, phosphorus and magnesium.

They also contain some provitamins and vitamins like thiamin, riboflavin, niacin and vitamin E & C.

Nuts contain very little natural sodium and have a high amount of potassium, which in this constellation is recommended for the control of blood pressure.

Unfortunately nuts are often sold salted as snacks, which upsets this natural balance, and by a over consummation of salted nuts people take in a lot of fat and salt.

Nuts are also a great source of energy and often used in diets for athletes.

Used in moderate amounts, nuts in unsalted forms are nutritionally valuable food.


One does not know where to start where to compile information about the usage of nuts and nut related product in today’s hospitality. In the kitchens, there is no limit on the amount of dishes and creations a Chef can use nuts or nut products for. From appetizers to salads, soups and desserts, with cheese, fish, pasta, meats and vegetables, nuts are very versatile and do not have a over powering flavor, and its subtle taste and crunchy texture adopt early to almost all given products as a supplement.

Nut oils are also widely used for dressings, frying and flavoring of hot and cold dishes. Nut liqueurs can be a welcome supplement to savory sauces as well as pastry sauces and creams, marzipan and other nut pastes are often used to produced chocolates and confectionery items. In the Indian cuisine, a cashew nut paste is often used for the thickening of curries and sauces. Through the wide spread of different nuts around the world, nuts are used in almost all cuisines known and its nutritional value make it an asset to so many diets since the ancient days.

In the beverage outlets, nuts are used in form of lacquers (Hazelnut, Almond) and liquid (coconut Milk), and as snacks served with drinks (Salted Nuts)

What’s a Bathroom without a Toilet?

Buffalo Limo Services – Professional Service You Can Count On


Not all Buffalo limo services are created equal. While anyone can slide behind a wheel and take you to the breathtaking landmarks in the area like Niagara Falls, or Rochester, few will give you a sense of professionalism. That’s why it is important to choose a professional service who understands the importance of treating each of our customers with dignity and respect, while offering a truly luxurious ride.

We do this by training each of our chauffeurs to provide you with exceptional levels of customer service. They will then cater to your needs and ensure that you enjoy the full luxury experience when you use us. Each of the vehicles in our Buffalo limo services is also modern and features the latest technology to help ensure you have the ultimate experience.

Each vehicle is routinely inspected, cleaned, and ensured to be reliable on the road. We also fully license and insure the vehicle, so that you remain protected at all times when you ride with us. That means all you have to worry about is enjoying the time you are using our limo services.

With our luxurious packages, you can also schedule your limo to be there when you need it the most. Our impressive fleet of vehicles will ensure that at the scheduled day and time you need us, one of our professional drivers will be there for you. You can expect them to be prompt, clean and courteous at all times. With their vast knowledge of the city, they can also help to take you on the fastest route to your destinations and to ensure you have the safest, and most comfortable ride possible while you are in Buffalo and the surrounding area.

Regardless if you need Buffalo limo services for a wedding, to impress a business colleague, or to add some charm to your vacation, you can count on us to provide you with the ultimate experience. Take a moment to contact our friendly customer service department and let us help you to book a vehicle that will meet all of your needs.

Do You Have a Horrible Boss?

There is something enticing about seeing a mean boss on your television screen. An example is Russel Dunbar on Rules of Engagement. While he is an absolutely terrible boss, there is still some charm and humor that makes him fun to watch. In the motion picture ‘Horrible Bosses’, we watch as three men go through everything they can to get rid of their bosses from Hell. While these are all in good fun, a real life horrible boss is far from funny. Since we live in a time where you can’t just jump to another position, it can become a headache.
Let’s be real, there is nothing that is more counterproductive, then having to deal with a difficult authority figure. Regardless of whether or not they see your inner potential, being too critical doesn’t help you to get the job done. At the same time, a constantly negative boss will eventually drive all their staff out of a company, after all no one wants to deal with this.
But before you write them off as the problem, you do need to take a step back and determine if they are the problem. There are times when you might actually hold more responsibility than you imagine. Let’s look at the three main questions you need to ask yourself.

  • Are you working in a job that balances your passion and skills, so it is a match for you?
  • Does your job performance record appear satisfactory?
  • Is there a good working relationship with customers, bosses, and other professionals?

If you can answer yes to these, then problem might be your boss. If not, seek a professional workforce recruiter because you might need to reconsider if you are the problem and if it might be time for a change.

Test Driving a Used Car Reveals All

the-girl-poses-near-the-car-1340464-mWhen looking for a used car, you want to do more than just focus on how “pretty” the car is.

Of course, if a particular vehicle is known for safety and performance, that’s something to think seriously about when making your purchasing decision. How good the car looks is definitely worth consideration if you’re serious about the style of the vehicle you drive.

However, you should never overlook the value of a test drive.

A test drive will tell you more about a car than almost anything else. This is doubly true when it comes to used cars. You never know how well the previous owner took care of the vehicle. A test drive is going to give you a lot of information about what may or may not be wrong with the car and whether or not you want to take on its problems.

The test drive will also give you a good idea of how the brakes behave. No matter how well a vehicle has been taken care of, periodically brakes do have to be replaced, so it’s important to find out whether the brakes are a “little heavy “or a “little light”.  The number of miles the vehicle has done, combined with the driving conditions it has been subjected to are going to have an impact on the vehicle’s braking system. But are the brakes at the point where they need a little adjustment or major repair? And, how soon?

Learning these “little things” before making a decision to buy a particular car is really important. You want to know for sure what you are getting into when you invest in a vehicle.

Taking the car out for a test drive will reveal a great deal about what you are driving. You’ll get a feel for how it accelerates, how it slows down, whether or not you’ll feel each and every bump on the road, does it belch smoke and much more. The great folks at can help you make sense of all that.

Never take the road test for granted, it really does let you know whether or not to buy this particular vehicle.

The Kidde Time Toy Hammock

ToysInHammock1While toy hammocks are a great way to organize all of those stuffed toys that seem to accumulate so quickly, that is certainly not the only use for them. In fact they can be useful in many other areas of the home besides a child’s room. With just a little imagination, these handy little toy hammocks can be used to organize just about any room of your home.

Closets – Toy hammocks can be very useful when organizing your closets. They can hold anything from those hats and mittens that seem to disappear as soon as the weather turns cold, to shoes or slippers that don’t get worn very often. The smaller sizes even make the perfect holder for cosmetics or hair accessories.

Laundry Rooms – Toy hammocks can be a wonderful space saver in the laundry room. Nearly every household has experienced the case of the missing sock. You are sure that you put a pair of socks in the dryer, but mysteriously only one comes out. Generally these mismatched socks sit for a few days and inevitably get thrown away, only for you to find the match the next day. One of these handy little nets hanging in the corner is the perfect place to store them until a match appears.

Craft Rooms – When it comes to organizing your craft room, nothing could be more convenient than a toy hammock. They are a wonderful place to store yarn for your knitting or crocheting projects as well as to keep track of the various sized hooks that you are using. They also make a great place to store tubes of paint where they are within your reach, but out of reach for curious youngsters. Because they are see-through, you won’t spend hours searching through a craft bin for the perfect color of pain or yarn, everything can be seen easily.

There are many more uses for these ingenious, space saving Kidde Time toy hammocks and since they hang in any corner, they take up little or no space in your work area.

Make Your Home Energy Efficient

Omaha roofing companiesAs you weatherize your home for winter this year, it’s a good time to take a look at those old, outdated windows and perhaps have them replaced. Many Omaha roofing companies don’t do anything other than roofing, but Premier Exteriors is experienced in many other areas of home improvement, including windows and doors. There are many reasons that replacing your old doors or windows can benefit you as a homeowner and the time to do it is before the cold, winter weather comes.

From a purely practical standpoint, replacing your old, drafty windows with energy efficient replacement windows is going to save you money on home energy bills. Every time you feel a draft around a door frame or a window, it’s your hard earned money slipping away. Though most homeowners think of these things only when the weather turns chilly, it will also save money on your cooling costs during the summer months. As an added benefit, any improvements that you make to your home that reduce energy usage, such as energy efficient replacement windows or doors, are tax deductible.

Another very important, though perhaps less practical, reason to replace old windows and doors is the aesthetic value that they add to your home. Replacement windows come in a wide variety of styles and sizes that will add to the beauty of your home both inside and out. Large, airy windows to allow natural light into your home can make almost any room seem bigger and when the warm weather finally returns they can be opened to let in the spring breeze. In addition to the pleasure that you get from the added beauty, having new windows and doors in your home will also increase the value of your property if you should decide to sell.

Not all Omaha roofing companies deal in replacement windows and doors, but Premier Exteriors can not only help you choose the best style for your needs, but quickly and efficiently install them so that your home will be warm and inviting before winter arrives.

Navigating The Worker’s Compensation Path

Most people know what worker’s compensation is, but most people don’t know that you’re not always entitled to an award under the law, or that you may also be denied a claim. It’s not an inherent right, but must be determined and the rules for determination are sometimes circuitous. Getting the award may take some real effort on your part. The path to that award will be easier if you have someone to help you to walk through the process.

Workers compensation is an aid to those workers who have been injured, but it’s not always an easily navigable path to take. In most states it is limited for the injuries which are work related. Unless the circumstances exist that the employer actually means to cause harm to a worker or knew in advance of existing circumstances where harm could be caused, no matter how terrible the employers conduct, the only real remedy that the worker has is to take action through the workers compensation system.

There are some very few cases where an action against an employer for personal injury is possible, but typically your recourse in New Jersey is going to be to collect workers compensation and to find recourse through achieving the lump sum payment or the long term payment that you deserve for your injuries. New Jersey workers compensation is limited in some ways to the amount that you can collect. The length of time that you can collect payments and the total amount that you may collect are limited by law. This makes the claims sometimes more difficult to file and harder for you to navigate the system.

In order to assure that you get the best that you can from the system and are awarded all that you have coming to you, it’s imperative that you have an advocate to walk you through the many different facets of the New Jersey Workers compensation system. Typically an advocate for you in this type situation will be a qualified attorney who has insight and experience in the workers compensation arena.

Determining who was responsible for your injury as well as determining who really is your employer is also hard to do in some cases. If you are an on-site contractor, finding out whether you may qualify as an employee is something your attorney can help you with. New Jersey Workers compensation laws can be complicated at best. It is almost always beneficial to work with an attorney who has experience in the New Jersey Workman’s compensation laws so that you’re able to navigate the system knowledgeably and to attain the kind of award that will permit you to live comfortably until you are able to go back to work again.

The legal process can certainly be complicated. You need an experienced NJ Workers Compensation Attorney to help guide you through a complex NJ personal injury case or to secure your medical or disability benefits through workers’ compensation, contact Howard J. Batt, Attorney at Law at We will work tirelessly to make sure your rights are respected.

Your College Mistakes May Not Have to Follow You

Most college students will do something stupid at some point that they regret. In some cases, it will be a move that will be forgotten in a few days. Other times, it may end up haunting them for the rest of their lives.

These crimes can be out on the town after drinking and an office charged you with public intoxication. You may have been handed a substance to try just as a cop turned the corner and hit with a charge for an illegal substance. You may have even decided to prank your roommate and hid his computer, resulting in a theft charge.

Once you have been charged with and sentenced for a crime, anytime and employer does a background check on you, this information will show up. Depending on the crime, it could limit the jobs you can take and could make your post college life, less than rewarding.

If the crime is in Alabama, some of those criminal missteps could actually be taken care of with an expunged record. There are some requirements that you need to meet for this to work. To begin with, the felony charge cannot be a violent crime, if a Grand Jury has chosen to not prosecute you, you were found Not Guilty, or the case ended up being dismissed with prejudice.

In the event that you only meet the non-violent felony charge requirement, there are sub requirements that can be met to have your record expunged. That is waiting a five year period, assuming that no new cases have been filed against you and you have not been convicted of any additional felony or misdemeanor. Even a traffic violation can cause a problem for you when you are looking to have the record expunged.

The good news is that those mistakes you made as a wild college student no longer have to haunt you and your career. There is now an option to get your life back on track and to remove drug charges, burglary, criminal damage and other things you did back in college just trying to fit in.

If you are ready to take action, speak to an Alabama attorney who can assist you with the expungement process. There is a filing fee of $300 and any cost associated with hiring a lawyer. Many are looking to help people find work though, so you may find a lawyer who will waive their fee or offer you a reduced rate. If you’re interested in having your record expunged, one place to start is Price and Flowers’ Zap My Record website where you’ll find helpful information on the process.

Drug Use in Schools and Colleges.

The availability of drugs at schools has increased over the last ten years although the overall use of illicit drugs has declined. Yet too many teenagers are still abusing drugs. In the National Institute on Drug Abuse 2005 Monitoring the Future survey researchers found that 50% of high school seniors report some use of an illicit drug during their life.

Drugs are easily obtained and teenagers know who they can contact to get them.
The Bureau of Justice reports that 85% of teens say they know where to get marijuana and 55% know how to get amphetamines. Knowledge of drug availability is similar regardless of race or location.

Students living in rural, suburban, and urban areas all reported similar levels of drug availability at about 35% overall. Even more frightening is that 29% of students say that someone has “offered, sold, or given them an illegal drug on school property.”

Some officials believe that the percentages of actual drug abuse are low because of the number of teenagers that have dropped out or are truant are not represented in the survey. These teenagers often have a higher involvement with drugs than those still in school.

Alcohol is the most common substance used, with 75% of seniors having at least tried alcohol and 23% within the last month. Alcohol use is often glamorized in the media and teens try to imitate the behaviors they see.

Marijuana has been used by 44% of seniors. The NIDA reports that 60% of teens that do use drugs use marijuana. The most recent survey found that fewer eighth graders today see a risk in smoking marijuana than in the past.

Inhalants are the most commonly abused illegal drug among those in middle school with 17.1% of eight graders having tried them. Inhalants are cheap and easily purchased. Most of them are common household substances like paint thinners, glues, spray paint, whipped cream dispensers, hair sprays and other substances.

Prescription Drug use among teenagers has been rising at a rate of 25% per year since 2001. Most teens take prescription drugs because of personal or family-related stress.

Many teenagers are getting the message through school, parents, and the media that drugs are harmful. But many are still not receiving or are choosing to ignore the message. The best way to combat teenage drug abuse is by education that means consistently talking about drugs both formally and informally. When addiction takes place, one of the best means to combat that is to work with a non-twelve step rehab program which may include biophysical detox, to which teens may take more readily.